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Chinese Journal Of Biological Control ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 497-503.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2019.04.010

• RESEARCH REPORTS •     Next Articles

Effect of Cold Storage on Development and Dispersal of Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)

ZHAO Jing1, WANG Lei3, ZHANG Fan2, CAO Hui1, WANG Su2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Biology in University of Shandong/College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China;
    2. Institute of Plant and Environment Protection, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science, Beijing 100097, China;
    3. Shandong Shouguang Vegetable Industry Group Co., Ltd, Shouguang 262700, China
  • Received:2019-01-31 Online:2019-08-08 Published:2019-08-10

Abstract: Encarsia Formosa, which has been identified as an effective parasitic wasp of both Bemisia tabaci and Trialeurodes vaporariorum, has currently been mass produced for control of whiteflies on a wide range of greenhouse vegetable crops. The parasitic wasp usually needs to be stored before augmentative releases, and thus cold storage has been proved to be an important process for mass production and release of parasitoids. In the present study, we exposed pupae of E. formosa to different cold storage regimes, and determined the influence of cold storage on pupal development and several fitness-related traits. We also examined the dispersal ability and parasitic rates on post-storage in the greenhouse. The results showed that E. formosa pupae developed during cold storage at both 8℃ and 4℃. The middle stage pupae appeared to suffer lower mortality compared to the early or late stage pupae. The three fitness parameters (eclosion, parasitism and adult longevity) of E. formosa was obviously improved (P<0.05) when the pupae were exposed to a cold acclimation (12℃ for 7 days). The parasitic wasps that experienced non-cold storage dispersed mainly within a distance of 1-4 m from the released point while those underwent cold storage dispersed mainly within a distance of 1-2 m. The parasitism rate in the greenhouse was also obviously improved (P<0.05) when the pupae were exposed to cold acclimation (12℃ for 7 days). These results are significant for the biological control using E. formosa.

Key words: Encarsia formosa, cold storage, cold acclimation, fitness, dispersal

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