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Chinese Journal of Biological Control ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 946-953.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2020.06.025

• RESEARCH REPORTS • Previous Articles    

Field Evaluation on Control of Grapholitha molesta Busck by High Dose Sex Pheromone Release for Mating Disruption in the Orchard

FENG Chuanhong1, ZHANG Zhidong2, XU Xiang1, TIAN Hui1, YANG Songjie1, HU Tao1, ZENG Wei3   

  1. 1. The Plant Protection Station of Agricultural and Rural Department of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610041, China;
    2. The Plant Protection and Quarantine Station of Luzhou Prefecture, Luzhou 646000, China;
    3. The Plant Protection and Quarantine Station of Dachuan County, Dazhou 635711, China
  • Received:2020-05-05 Published:2021-01-09

Abstract: Pheromone release dose is the key to control of Grapholitha molesta Busck through mating disruption. The control efficacy and its longevity period of solid pheromone dispenser (SPD) and high dose pheromone aerosol puffer (HDPAP) against G. molesta were measured to explore the application of new material and controlled release technology in mating disruption control of pests. The results showed that moth catches at 18:00—20:00 accounted for 93.7% of the whole day's catches, and the green trap was more suitable for monitoring the occurrence of G. molesta in the orchard. The average moth catch in the conventional control area was 42.13, and the average fruit-boring rate was 2.64%. In contrast to the conventional control area, the average moth catch in the area treated with the new material SPD and HDPAP was 1.00 and 5.31, respectively, the mating disruption rates were 97.96% (91.84%—100%) and 91.41% (70.86%—98.28%), respectively, and the fruit-boring rates were 0.81% and 0.95%, respectively. During the fruit harvest in August, the control efficacies of fruit-boring were 85.79% and 77.16%, respectively. The longevity period of the control reached more than 6 months.

Key words: Grapholitha molesta, sex pheromone, mating disruption, solid pheromone dispenser, high dose pheromone aerosol puffer

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