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journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 134-145.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2019.01.013

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Advances in Biological Control of Anoplophora chinensis Forster

ZHANG Yufan, WANG Xiaoyi   

  1. Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, State Forestry and Grassland Administration/Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2018-09-08 Online:2019-02-08 Published:2019-01-31

Abstract: Citrus longhorned beetle, Anoplophora chinensis Forster (Coleoptera:Cerambycidae), a native wood borer in Asian countries, has invaded some European countries recently and has been listed as an important international quarantine pest. Here we summarized the natural enemies of A. chinensis and research progress of their utilization in biological control in the world including China. Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius was used to control A. chinensis on citrus trees in ancient China and Dastarcus helophoroides Fairmaire adults and egg cards have been released in field against A. chinensis in recent years. Both practices have achieved promising control effects. Sclerodermus sichuanensis Xiao exhibits a certain role in the control of A. chinensis young larvae. Aprostocetus fukutai Miwa & Sonan shows a great prospect in the artificial utilization as biological control agent, its parasitism of A. chinensis eggs in Italy is as high as 72%. Some native European parasitoid species, e.g. Spathius erythrocephalus Wesmael, also have the ability to parasitize natural population of A. chinensis. In addition, the use of entomopathogens to control A. chinensis also has a great potential. For example, non-woven fabrics soaked with Beauveria brongniartii Petch have already been developed as a commercial product in Japan, which can cause high mortality of A. chinensis. Parasitic nematodes, Steinernema feltiae Filipjev and S. carpocapsae Weiser, also have a potential to be developed as bio-insecticides in management of A. chinensis larvae. The current problems in the biological control practices of A. chinensis and the associated causes, as well as the research emphasis and direction in the future, were also discussed.

Key words: citrus longhorned beetle, biological control, parasitoid, entomopathogenic fungus, parasitic nematode

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