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journal1 ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 474-486.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2019.03.006

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Research Advances in Diapause of Green Lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)

WANG Manzi1,2, LI Yuyan1, GAO Fei1, ZHANG Lisheng1   

  1. 1. USDA-ARS Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory/Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China;
    2. Faculty of Agronomy Jilin Agricultural University, Jilin 130117, China
  • Received:2018-12-18 Online:2019-06-08 Published:2019-06-17

Abstract: The green lacewings are important predatory natural enemies of a variety of small, soft-bodied pests in agro-ecological systems and forests. Many species of green lacewings enter diapause in response to adverse environmental conditions. Diapause research of the green lacewings is essential for understanding characteristics and regulation mechanisms of diapause and for enhancing the biocontrol potential, thus promoting the commercial production and application of green lacewings. In this review, we summarized the literatures of diapause in the chrysopids since 1910, which included the diapause characteristics, environmental factors responsible for diapause regulation, the behavioral and physiological changes during diapause, the molecular mechanisms of diapause, and the biology of post-diapause development. The application of diapause in the mass rearing of chrysopids and research prospectives were discussed. This review serves to further the studies of diapause of chrysopids and to facilitate large-scale production and application of chrysopids in biological control.

Key words: chrysopids, diapause, environmental factors, physiological changes, post-diapause development

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