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Chinese Journal Of Biological Control ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 642-647.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2019.04.021

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Virulence of Metarhizium anisopliae against 3rd Instar Nymphs of Locusta migratoria manilensis under Different Temperatures

LIU Yinmin1, CHENG Yumeng1,2, LI Hongmei1,3, NONG Xiangqun4, Belinda LUKE5   

  1. 1. MARA-CABI Joint Laboratory for Bio-safety/Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing 100193, China;
    2. Academy of Life Science/Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, China;
    3. CABI East Asia, Beijing 100081, China;
    4. State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests/Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing 100193, China;
    5. CABI, Egham, TW20 9TY
  • Received:2019-01-18 Online:2019-08-08 Published:2019-08-10

Abstract: The 3rd instar nymphs of Locusta migratoria manilensis were treated by the commercial biopesticides Metarhizium anisopliae (PD20080671) through body surface inoculation under six different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40℃). The results showed that the cumulative mortality of locust nymphs increased within 19 d after inoculation. The highest (82.5%) was at 35℃ and the lowest (55.0%) was at 40℃. Most of the dead locusts were 3rd instars and a few were adults as the nyphms molted during the test period. Spore germination from of the dead locusts appeared sooner (4.26 d) at 40℃ and took longer (19.36 days) at 15℃. The results indicate that temperature below 15℃ and greater than 35℃ are not optimal for fungal pathogenesis. These results demonstrate that the best time to apply biopesticides is early morning when the temperature is relatively low.

Key words: biopesticides product, Metarhizium anisopliae, Locust migratoria manilensis, nymph

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