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Chinese Journal of Biological Control ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 356-361.DOI: 10.16409/j.cnki.2095-039x.2021.03.028

• SCIENTIFIC NOTES • Previous Articles    

Effects of Egg Age and Density of Helicoverpa armigera on Parasitical Efficiency of Trichogramma dendrolimi

LI Yaofa, ZHAO Yujing, AN Jingjie, DANG Zhihong, PAN Wenliang, SONG Jian, GAO Zhanlin   

  1. Plant Protection Institute, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences/IPM Center of Hebei Province/Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management on Crops in Northern Region of North China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Baoding 07100, China
  • Received:2020-01-10 Published:2021-04-14

Abstract: To optimize the field release technology of Trichogramma dendrolimi and to further improve the Trichogramma control of the cotton bollworm, effects of egg age and density of Helicoverpa armigera on parasitical efficiency of T. dendrolimi was evaluated in the laboratory. The results showed that T. dendrolimi preferred 1-2 day eggs over 0-1 day and 2-3 day eggs. With the increase of ‘wasp to egg’ ratio, the parasitic efficiency of individual female wasp declined gradually from 14.33 eggs/per wasp to 0.73 eggs/per wasp, whereas the parasitism rate of cotton bollworm eggs rose gradually from 17.92% to 73.33%. When the ‘wasp to egg’ ratio was 1:20, the parasitic efficiency of female wasp and the parasitism rate of cotton bollworm eggs converged at 7.50 eggs/per wasp and 37%, respectively. The ‘wasp to egg’ ratio can serve to improve the field control of the cotton bollworm if it is considered in determining the releasing density of T. dendrolimi together with the adult population density and egg density.

Key words: Trichogramma dendrolimi, Helicoverpa armigera, parasitic efficiency, egg parasitoid wasps, natural enemy

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